Dating the old testament
6; 49:8), Christ to be a light to the Gentiles and to be worshiped by them (42:6; 49:6–7; ), Christ to be rejected by Israel (49:7; 53:1–3), Christ to be obedient to God and subject to suffering (50:6; 53:7–8), Christ to be exalted (; ), Christ to restore Israel and judge the wicked (61:1–3).Remember, the Dead Sea Scrolls contained more than one complete scroll of this book composed well before the birth of Christ.The scope of this book does not allow an extensive examination of the issues of authorship and dating of each book Old Testament book. We will, however, discuss the case for authorship and dating for the most disputed and vigorously attacked books: the Pentateuch-Torah and the prophets Isaiah and Daniel. The author of the Pentateuch is not unambiguously identified.Tradition undisputedly has suggested Moses as the writer around 1400 BC.Isaiah extensively prophesied about this event as well as about God’s judgment on the Assyrians (who conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722, during Isaiah’s lifetime) and on the Babylonians.Because liberal scholars are skeptical about anything that points to supernatural inspiration of the Bible, they have tried to explain the fulfilled prophecies in these books by re-dating them to after the events.And the book of Isaiah was included in the LXX translated at least 300 years earlier.The book of Daniel contains three detailed predictions of the overthrow of the Babylonian empire by Medo-Persia.
Ezekiel, the sixth century prophet known to be a contemporary of Daniel, refers to Daniel three times in his book (Ezekiel , and 28:3) and these references are convincing evidence for the traditional view.
4), Christ as a descendant of David (11:1,10), Christ to be filled with the Spirit (v.
2; 42:1), Christ to judge with righteousness (11:3–5; 42:1, 4), Christ to rule over the nations (), Christ to be gentle to the weak (42:3), Christ to make possible the New Covenant (v.
Jewish tradition uniformly ascribes the entire book to Isaiah.
The Dead Sea Scrolls contain a complete scroll of Isaiah dated from the second century BC that indicates the book as one unit (the end of chapter 39 and the beginning of chapter 40 are in one continuous column of text).